The diet of the diabetic child is as it should be that of any other child his age, with a variety of foods that provide calories needed for growth, only one has to take into account small variations in the number of meals and distribution throughout the day.
- Usually a child with diabetes must take three meals: breakfast, lunch and dinner, interspersing three additional food intake: a mid-morning, when the snack and midnight. The daily distribution of food is justified by the need to adjust the intake of carbohydrates to the use of injected insulin. This case is very important to set meal times with the team treating you, avoid eating “between hours” to perform intake and supplementation where necessary: hypoglycemia, exercise is not programmed, and so on.
- The recommended daily intake of carbohydrates is usually between 55-60% of the total, avoid using foods rich in carbohydrates rapid absorption (sweet, some fruit, juices and soft drinks, etc.), foods rich in saturated fats, and in general, any food that is not known composition ( “sweets”).
- The recommended daily intake of protein is usually around 15% of the total decline this rate as the child grows.
- The recommended daily intake of fat is usually around 25 to 30% of the total, giving preference to the intake of unsaturated fats.
- The additional contribution of vitamins and minerals is generally not necessary if the food is varied and complete, if necessary is the pediatrician who will decide on the use of extra inputs.
- The water intake should be sufficient, being made a special contribution in case of hyperglycemia.
Improves glucose control and also improves the use of insulin. The child with diabetes can and should make daily exercise like other children his age.
The type of exercise recommended for these children is the low-resistance (aerobic). Before carrying out physical exercise should be controlled blood sugar and take appropriate precautions (extra food and reducing the dose of insulin), and the child must carry carbohydrate absorption quickly (glucose tablets, sugar cubes or juice fruit).
The extraordinary exercise, especially if intense, can cause severe hypoglycemia while performing and even in 12 or 24 hours later, so that a tight glucose control and, where appropriate, to combat those extra meals hypoglycemia .
If the child is poorly controlled, with levels of blood glucose greater than 240mg/dl and / or ketones in the urine, the exercise is contraindicated.