One of the most common diabetes is known as diabetic foot.
Occurs due to vascular disorders caused by diabetes and by which the blood flow to the feet is often weaker than normal. By reducing the risk decrease that also carries substances, nutrients, antibodies, … tissues are weaker, have less capacity for healing and easily get infections.
The problem then is not just the infection itself but also the difficulty in curing the body, to narrow down (stretches easily) and even notarla (in some cases, diabetics suffer a loss of sensation in the feet, causing that, especially in older people who have limited mobility or difficulty to have a proper hygiene in this part of the body is sensitive to injury when they are in an advanced state).
In fact over 25% of hospital admissions of diabetics are due to problems with his feet and is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputation (70% of lower limb amputations in the world is estimated to relate with diabetes).
How do I avoid this?
Due to the characteristics that you mentioned before the solution is prevention and it is possible with some very simple points:
Of course we must start with the daily hygiene. Use warm water and dry thoroughly, especially between the toes. Besides trying to nail or cut (to avoid scratches), the feet are hydrated (diabetics often have very dry due to lack of irrigation and the problems of sweating), and avoid chemicals (such as those sold to overcome the hardships) that can damage the skin and may facilitate the entry of microorganisms.
A daily stop for a while looking at your feet, though not notice pain. Be careful and treat small redness, chafing or inflammation that may be the beginning of something more serious and more costly later be treated. It also seeks to monitor your nails, go to the podiatrist since you see something weird like that break too often, turning yellow, you are sore or swollen, can be the stepping stone to something more serious.
Temperature is also important, try to protect them from extreme temperatures, using socks or shoes at night covered in winter, and shoes that allow oxygen to your feet in summer. That is comfortable and that will not cause scratches or pressure.
Blood flow is weak in itself, so try to avoid practices which may obstruct more, small things can help us, not crossing your legs, do not use tight clothes … well if practices can foster a sport or simply walking.
Finally, and most importantly, visit a podiatrist regularly to ensure you do not miss anything going on. It costs nothing and may prevent serious problems.