A wide variety of diabetes medications are available for people suffering diabetes mellitus. Many alternative forms of treatment are also available for people afflicted with this disease. They can use these forms of treatment after consulting their doctor. Many people having diabetes take at least two forms of treatment. But insulin injections are the most well known method of diabetes treatment. The kind of medication that needs to be administered to the patient depends upon what kind of diabetes he has been diagnosed with. People having Type 1 diabetes should use insulin injections as their medication. This is also known as juvenile diabetes. People having Type 2 diabetes can either take insulin injections or they can take tablets and pills.
Insulin – This is a hormone that helps to control the levels of glucose in the body. There are many different kinds of insulin and there are also many different methods of administering them. The insulin should be injected either through the vein, the muscle or from under the skin depending upon its type. In 2006, the Food and Drug Administration approved a new form of medication. Now insulin can even be administered with the help of an inhaler. The different types of insulin are rapid acting, short acting, intermediate acting, long acting and even pre-mixed insulin. There are also many side effects to using insulin. The place at which the insulin injection has been administered will develop a swelling or a rash and the blood sugar levels of the person might drop. Now that insulin can even be taken with the help of an inhaler, the person taking the insulin might suffer from breathlessness, a dry mouth, a sore throat and a cough.
Pills and tablets – There are six types of medication for diabetes, which can be administered orally or through the mouth. All these medications work in a similar manner. These oral medications will make the pancreas of the patient produce the adequate amount of insulin that the body needs. The doctor might prescribe more than one of these medicines since he might feel that they will work more effectively in this manner. But these medicines can also have side effects like lower blood sugar levels, rashes, excessive weight gain and an upset stomach.
Alternative treatments – the doctors might suggest many other forms of treatment to their patients. These treatments might have to be taken parallel to the insulin injections and pills and tablets. The doctors will also prescribe a strict diet pattern along with a regular exercise routine. People who follow a strict diet chart and also exercise. This way they can control their blood sugar levels in a better manner when compared to taking insulin injections or pills.
While there various options of medications for diabetes, patients should also be aware of the side effects that might come with the uses of them. With current progress in our health and medical industry maybe we can hope that the road for the best diabetes medication to be found will be not too far.