There are certain gestational diabetes complications that every pregnant mother should be aware of, however, those complications generally can be managed and prevented. The most important key to prevent it is by closely monitoring the blood sugar levels from the beginning after the gestational diabetes is diagnosed.
Different to the type I diabetes, generally this gestational diabetes will not cause any defects to the birth. It is because usually birth defects will only occur among the pregnancy first trimester. And in the gestational diabetes case, mostly the hormones that develop insulin resistance will be developed by placenta around the 24th week of the pregnancy. That is why, in many cases, most pregnant mothers will not see any increasing on their blood sugar level during their first trimester.
Usually the most common problem among gestational diabetic women is something that is used to known as macrosomia. Macro means big, and in this case, it is a condition where the baby has larger body then normal. How come the baby has bigger body then normal?
We know that the fetus receives all the required nutrition directly from the mother’s blood. And if the mother has gestational diabetes, it means her blood contains higher glucose levels. In this level, the fetus will receive higher sugar input from his mother, then its pancreas will try to produce more insulin to be able to process this high sugar intake and transform it into fat. In other words, the high glucose supply from the mother combined with the increasing fetus insulin levels will create larger fat deposits. That is why the baby has larger body then normal.
While this condition (large body) will not really affect the fetus condition, it will make the birth process become more difficult. In most cases the birth have to be done with cesarean since normal birth is too difficult. We can do some check up and tests to know whether the fetus is macrosomic or not. It can be by some physical examinations, but mostly it is using ultrasound test to make a measurement about the fetus size.
Besides developing the macrosomia condition to the fetus, there is another gestational diabetes risk to the baby. As we know earlier, the baby receives a constant high glucose supplies from the mother that will lead to the high levels of insulin in the fetus body. When the baby birth, it still has high insulin levels but there is no more high sugar supply from the mother. This will result the new baby born has a very low blood sugar level. In other words, the gestational diabetes can increase the hypoglycemia risk to the baby.
If you suffer gestational diabetes, it is suggested to check your baby blood sugar levels after the birth. If the level is too low, probably the baby will need a special treatment to manage the blood sugar into normal.
Don’t worry too much about it since actually all of those risks can be managed and prevented. What you need to do to prevent it is by pay a close attention to your blood sugar levels as soon as you are diagnosed to have gestational diabetes. With simply maintain your blood sugar levels on the normal levels, you can prevent the gestational diabetes to affect your pregnancy and baby condition.